Signs of Communication Disorders and What Parents Can Do

May is Better Hearing & Speech Month 

We want to raise awareness of communication disorders and give families ideas of things then can do with their child and other resources.  These Signs and Tips are from American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (Identify the Signs)

Signs of a Language Disorder

  • Does not smile or interact with others (birth and older)
  • Does not babble (4-7 months)
  • Makes only a few sounds or gestures, like pointing (7-12 months)
  • Does not understand what others say (7 months-2 years)
  • Says only a few words (12-18 months)
  • Words are not easily understood (18 months-2 years)
  • Does not put words together to make sentences (1.5-3 years)
  • Has trouble playing and talking with other children (2-3 years)
  • Has trouble with early reading and writing skills (2.5-3 years)

What Parents Can Do

-Listen and respond to your child
-Talk, read, and play with your child
-Talk with your child in the language you are most comfortable using
-Know it is good to teach your child to speak a second language
-Talk about what you are doing and what your child is doing
-Use a lot of different words with your child
-Use longer sentences as your child gets older
-Have your child play with other children


speech sound devl chart.jpg

 

Signs of a Speech Sound Disorder

  • Says p, b, m, h, and w incorrectly in words (1-2 years)
  • Says k, g, f, t, d, and n incorrectly in words (2-3 years)
  • Produces speech that is unclear, even to familiar people (2-3 years)

What Parents Can Do
-Say the sounds correctly when you talk—it is okay if your child makes some mistakes with sounds
-Do not correct speech sounds—it is more important to let your child keep talking


Signs of Stuttering (Disfluency)

  • Struggles to say sounds or words (2.5-3 years)
  • Repeats first sounds of words—”b-b-b-ball” for “ball” (2.5-3 years)
  • Pauses a lot while talking (2.5-3 years)
  • Stretches sounds out—”f-f-f-f-farm” for “farm” (2.5-3 years)

What Parents Can Do

-Give your child time to talk
-Do not interrupt or stop your child while he or she is speaking
-See an SLP if you are concerned (Many young children stutter for a short period of time. In most cases, the stuttering will stop.)

What Parents Can Do

-Give your child time to talk
-Do not interrupt or stop your child while he or she is speaking
-See an SLP if you are concerned (Many young children stutter for a short period of time. In most cases, the stuttering will stop.)


Signs of a Voice Disorder

 

  • Uses a hoarse or breathy voice
  • Uses a nasal-sounding voice

What Parents Can Do

-See a doctor if your child sounds hoarse or breathy or has a nasal-sounding voice                     -Tell your child not to shout or scream
-Keep your child away from cigarette smoke


Pediatric Interactions has downloadable Developmental Milestones and Ideas how you can help your child's development from birth to 5 years old.  American Speech-Language-Hearing Association also has downloadable tips and milestones .  Please share these resources with someone who has questions about their child's development.  People look for advice from friends, family, teachers and doctors.  See what people are saying about Pediatric Interactions.

Pediatric Interactions offers FREE Developmental Screenings for children birth to approximately 12 years of age. To schedule, please fill out the online form, email office@pediatricinteractions.com or call us at 847-223-7433.